Insect pests are one of the major limitations in agronomy and horticultural crop production. Intensive use of synthetic chemical insecticides for pest control has caused numerous well-known issues including increased insecticide resistance, environmental and human health concerns, and the resurgence of pest populations because natural control is disrupted. Hence, attention has been diverted to various cultural and biological management tactics. Trap cropping and cover cropping are two of the most relevant tactics to manage insect pest populations with least or no use of chemical insecticide. Although both these cropping systems have a functional difference, the common aspect is increasing plant diversity and managing the habitat for crop improvement.